When you already have some tree cover, you may have difficulty adding more trees to your yard. Many varieties of trees require full sunlight to thrive, and if you already have trees on and around your land, your yard is probably at least partially shaded. Thankfully, partial or even full shade does not make adding trees to your land impossible. Here are five different trees that grow well in the shade of others.
1. Flowering Dogwood
Flowering dogwood trees only require four hours of sunlight per day. If you have trees along only one side of your property, then your yard probably gets sunshine through either the morning or afternoon — which should be good enough for a flowering dogwood. These trees grow rather quickly, adding up to two feet in height each year, and they mature to about 25 feet.
The main attraction of a flowering dogwood is, of course, its distinct white flowers. They appear in April, and bright, red berries replace them later in the season. Flowering dogwood trees are also gorgeous in the fall when they turn a red-purple color.
2. Sugar Maple
If you're searching for a classic shade tree to plant in your partially shaded yard, the sugar maple is a smart choice. It is shade-tolerant even when young, though it will not tolerate a lot of air pollution and is, therefore, a poor choice in busy urban areas.
Sugar maples have broad crowns and wide, lobed leaves. They're green throughout the spring and summer, but they turn a lovely yellow and orange come fall.
Sugar maples can reach up to 75 feet tall when mature. This may mean that your maple grows to be taller than the trees currently lending shade to your yard. Take this into account before planting; if the maple overtakes the other trees, it may shade them out.
3. Black Alder
The black alder is another tall tree, reaching 60 feet tall and 25 feet wide at maturity. It is perfectly tolerant of partial shade, and it will tolerate moist, wet soil, too. Black alders grow well in urban areas, and their dense root systems help prevent soil erosion. The glossy, deep green leaves have a distinct look, and the trees also produce cone-like flowers that open and release seeds each fall.
4. American Hornbeam
If you are searching for an interesting, medium-sized tree that will add unique character to your yard, the American hornbeam may be a good choice. These trees are known for their reddish-purple fall color. Birds and small mammals also often visit the tree.
A member of the birch family, American hornbeam trees reach about 30 feet tall and 30 feet wide at maturity. They're not picky at all about sunlight, growing as well in full shade as they do in full sunlight. American hornbeams tolerate acidic soil, excessive moisture, and poor drainage, too. Although, they don't grow well in salty soil.
5. Staghorn Sumac
Most sumac varieties are considered small to medium shrubs, but this variety is large enough that it could be considered a small tree or large shrub. Staghorn sumacs are between 15 and 25 feet tall when mature, and they grow well in part shade. They're a popular choice for planting along the sides of homes and fences.
Staghorn sumacs require well-drained soil, but they do tolerate air pollution and urban environments. The trees' main attraction is the showy, yellow flowers that appear in June or July.
Don't let partial or full shade keep you from adding more trees to your property. As long as you choose shade-tolerant varieties, you should see success. Contact T's Trees if you need help trimming or maintaining your new trees.